Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation - Polio Eradication
Tremendous progress has been made to eradicate polio in the last two decades. Since 1988, about 2.5 billion children around the globe have been vaccinated against polio, and the number of polio cases per year has decreased by 99 percent. The global fight against polio is one of the largest, most ambitious internationally coordinated health initiatives in history.
Many of the key pieces for polio eradication are in place: effective vaccines, the leadership of a global partnership, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), political will, dedicated volunteers, and a global mandate to eradicate the disease. A last push is needed to eliminate polio in just a few areas in the world. Northern Nigeria, northern India, and parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan account for more than 75 percent of global polio cases today. Halting poliovirus transmission in these endemic areas is vital not only for the populations in these areas but so that neighboring polio-free areas do not become reinfected. We’re working to eradicate polio in the fastest way possible. We believe this goal is attainable, and reaching it will demonstrate that remarkable improvements in health can be achieved even in the most challenging settings in the world.
Chain of Protection
This website and associated videos were produced by Professor Robert Booy from the National Centre for Immunisation Research & Surveillance (NCIRS) at The Children’s Hospital at Westmead and The University of Sydney in conjunction with Blirt Marketing and Jenny Granger (marketing consultant). The Chain of Protection series of videos and the website have been made possible by an educational grant from Medicines Australia. Professor Robert Booy is Head of Clinical Research at NCIRS. He is an Infectious Diseases Specialist and Paediatrician.
The campaign to eradicate polio is far too massive to be handled by any one organziation. It requires a major partnership with a wide array of talents, such as scientific knowledge, logistical expertise and effective global communication. Four organizations are leading this effort: Rotary International has provided a substantial portion of international funds, as well as a global network of volunteers to help with immunization campaigns, training and advocacy efforts. The United States Centers of Disease Control and Prevention supplies unrivalled scientific expertise and is the primary channel for US government funding for the Initiative. The World Health Organization and the United Nation's Children's Fund co-ordinate the overall logistical and technical operation. Very soon we will live in a polio-free world. The Initiative demonstrates how much can be achieved when the world pulls together to help all its citizens. This site, featuring the work of renowned Brazilian photojournalist Sebastião Salgado, tells the epic story of how this disease is being eradicated.
Rotary International - End of Polio
Great progress has been made in the effort to end polio. In the three decades since Rotary and its global partners launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, cases worldwide have decreased by 99.9 percent. The disease remains endemic in just three countries -- Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan -- although other countries remain at risk for imported cases. Unless we eradicate polio, within 10 years we could see as many as 200,000 new cases each year, all over the world. The disease is endemic in only three countries, but unless we reach every child with the vaccine, no child anywhere is safe. Rotary’s commitment to end polio represents the largest private-sector support of a global health initiative.
The End of Polio
The End of Polio is a grassroots campaign coordinated by the Global Poverty Project, in support of global polio eradication efforts led by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, Rotary International, UNICEF, the World Health Organisation, and the Gates Foundation. We are campaigning for: ~ Full funding of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, which currently faces a US$590m funding gap for implementing its strategic plan in 2011-12. ~ Donations to Rotary International to meet their current US$200m fundraising goal from the public.
Immunise Australia Program
Information about poliomyelitis (polio) immunisation funded under the Immunise Australia Program. The Australian Immunisation Handbook includes a chapter (4.14) on polio. Polio Australia endorses the Understanding Childhood Immunisation booklet.
Better Health Channel: Polio Immunisation
Poliomyelitis (polio) is a serious disease, caused by a virus. It can be prevented with immunisation. All children and adults should receive the vaccine. If you are not immunised, you could contract polio if your food, water or hands are contaminated with the faeces of an infected person.
This site by GlaxoSmithKline provides all Australians with simple, easy to understand information about vaccine-preventable diseases at the time of life when it is most relevant to them. The site is built around the key concepts of ‘preventing infection’ and ‘maintaining immunity’ and is based on the Australian National Immunisation Handbook, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website and is aligned to Australia’s National Immunisation Program. Taking a really user-friendly approach, www.myvaccination.com.au helps parents and caregivers to understand a child’s immunisation needs and helps adults to understand when their own risk of disease can be prevented through vaccination. Visitors to the site can search by age and find all the most up-to-date information that is relevant to them. All travellers need to know is the name of the countries they’ll be visiting and, using an interactive world map, will find the latest travel health advice for that country. Given how quickly travel health advice can change, the site will automatically be updated every time there is a change to the advice being provided by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That way visitors to the site can always be confident that they’re getting the most up-to-date information. The site covers all diseases for which vaccines are currently available in Australia, in each instance, providing answers to the most frequently asked questions: ‘What is the disease? How is it spread? Who is at risk? What are the symptoms? What are the vaccine recommendations?’ Included on every page is the encouragement to seek the advice of a healthcare professional in order to determine which vaccines are appropriate for you or members of your family.
National Centre for Immunisation Research & Surveillance (NCIRS)
NCIRS aims to inform policy and planning for immunisation services in Australia and to support initiatives in the surveillance of vaccine preventable diseases, including disease surveillance, vaccine coverage and immunisation adverse events. NCIRS has developed fact sheets on aspects of vaccination for immunisation providers and interested members of the community, including Poliomyelitis vaccines for Australians.
Polio: A Virus' Struggle
A graphic novella (sub-titled "Polio: Its Story ...") by James Weldon, published by The Science Creative Quarterly, University of British Columbia.
Polio Eradication Initiative
The goal of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative is to ensure that no child will ever again know the crippling effects of polio. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is the largest public health initiative the world has ever known.
Victorian Infectious Diseases National Poliovirus Reference Laboratory
VIDRL is a leading Australian infectious diseases reference laboratory located in Melbourne, Victoria. VIDRL is now part of the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity (the Doherty). VIDRL provides the Victorian Department of Health with virology and Mycobacteria public health reference laboratory services, including surveillance, outbreak investigations, reference testing and research. VIDRL has national reference laboratory designations to the Commonwealth Department of Health for polio and enteroviruses, measles, viral haemorrhagic fevers and smallpox. VIDRL also has a strong commitment to international health programs through WHO now in its 47th year. The Australian Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) clinical surveillance program was established in 1995. Since 2000, the AFP surveillance program has been coordinated at the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory. The referral of faecal specimens from AFP cases throughout Australia through the clinical surveillance program facilitates the detection of cases of poliomyelitis potentially due to vaccine associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) or imported wild-type poliovirus.
Whatever Happened to Polio?
This Web site, Whatever Happened to Polio? was created in conjunction with a temporary gallery exhibition, installed at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. The exhibition opened on 12 April 2005, to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the announcement that Dr Jonas Salk’s polio vaccine was safe and effective, and closed on 12 April 2006.